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What is atrm Command in Linux and Practical Examples?

The atrm command in Linux is a command-line tool for removing scheduled tasks from the "at" queue. The "at" queue is a system-wide list of commands that are scheduled to be executed at a specific time or date. The atrm command can be used to remove tasks from the queue that are no longer needed or that were scheduled incorrectly.

Installing atrm Package

To install atrm on a Linux system, you can use the package manager provided by your Linux distribution. The exact steps will vary depending on which distribution you are using, but in general, you can follow these steps:

Open a terminal window on your Linux system.

Update the package index and install aspell by running (Ubuntu and other Debian-based distributions):

apt update
apt install at

For Red Hat-based distributions, use

yum update
yum install at

Once the installation process is complete, you can verify that the atrm is installed and working by running the atrm command without any arguments, which should display the usage information for the atrm command.

Using The atrm Command

To use the atrm command, you must first open a terminal window on your Linux system. From there, you can use the following commands:

  • atrm <job ID>: This command removes the task with the specified job ID from the "at" queue. The job ID is a number that is assigned to each task when it is added to the queue.
  • atq: This command displays a list of all tasks in the "at" queue, along with their job IDs.
  • at -l: This command displays a list of all tasks in the "at" queue, along with their job IDs and the scheduled time or date when they will be executed.

Practical Examples of The  atrm Command

Here are some practical examples of using the atrm command in Linux:

Display a List of Tasks and Their Job IDs

To display the list of tasks in the "at" queue and their job IDs, you would use the following command:

atq

This command will display a list of tasks in the queue, along with their job IDs. You can use the job IDs to identify the tasks that you want to remove with the atrm command.

Remove Task With a Specific Job ID

To remove the task with job ID "5" from the "at" queue, you would use the following command:

atrm 5

This command will delete the at job with job number "5" from the queue of scheduled jobs. You can obtain the job number using the atq command.

List of Scheduled at Jobs and Their Job Numbers

To display a list of all scheduled at jobs and their job numbers, you would use the following command:

atrm -l

This command will display a list of all scheduled at jobs, along with their job numbers and the time at which they are scheduled to be executed. This can help you identify the job number of the at job that you want to delete.

Delete All Scheduled at Jobs From The Queue

To delete all scheduled at jobs from the queue, you would use the following command:

atrm -r

This command will delete all scheduled at jobs from the queue. This can be useful if you want to clear the queue of all scheduled jobs, or if you want to cancel all pending jobs without having to specify each job number individually.

Force the Deletion of an at Job

To force the deletion of an at job that is currently being executed, you would use the following command:

atrm -f 12345

This command will force the deletion of the at job with job number "12345", even if it is currently being executed. This can be useful if you want to stop the execution of an at job, but it should be used with caution as it can interrupt the execution of the job and may cause unexpected behavior.

Delete at Job and Display Detailed Information About the Deleted Job

To delete the at job with job number "12345" and display detailed information about the deleted job, you would use the following command:

atrm -v 12345

This command will delete the at job with job number "12345" from the queue and display detailed information about the deleted job, including the job number and the command that was scheduled to be executed. This can be useful for tracking and confirming the deletion of the at job.


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