Zip is a compression and file packaging utility, this is useful for packaging a set of files for distribution; for archiving files; and for saving disk space by temporarily
compressing unused files or directories.
Advantages of zipping:
- You save storage space, leaving you with more space to work with
- It is a compact and easy to transfer zip file, compared to unzip files
- Zipping allows you to encrypt private data, helpful when sending such data over the internet.
Installing Zip in Ubuntu
sudo apt install zip
You can confirm zip version by running zip -v
Zipping File and Directories
To create a Zip archive in a specific directory the user needs to have write permissions on that directory. Note that, Zip doesn't support GNU/Linux-style ownership information. The extracted files are owned by the user that runs the command.
zip archive.zip filename1 filename2 filename3
The above command would compress the files, and store it in archive.zip
To zip a directory, you use the -r option:
zip -r archive.zip directory_name
You can also add multiple directory, and files, just do not forget the -r option.
Intsalling Installing Unzip in Ubuntu
sudo apt install unzip
Likewise zip, you can also check the version by using unzip -v
When you use the unzip command without any option, it would extracts all files from the specified ZIP archive to the current directory, e.g
Unzip a ZIP File to a Different Directory
To unzip a ZIP file to a specific directory, use the -d option:
unzip file.zip -d /path/to/directory